The body was disposed whole-body in the east-west profile between grids A and B, at a depth of 1.30 m. Similarly, age was estimated from cranial and postcranial skeletal metamorphosis and dental wear . Height was estimated from skeletal measurements (heel to vertex) in situ. Individual 3+ is a juvenile or young adult, 17 to 25 years old, female, and measures approximately 149 cm. There are traces of red dye on the skull and forearms. Among the items found that accompanied or contained the body are a ceramic vessel, 11 freshwater mollusk shells, and over 500 fragments of plant material.
From the deepness between step 1.29 and 0.98 yards, solely restricted to urban centers underneath (23%) and you will creating a perimeter lateral to your system (77%), about 578 fragments regarding bush matter (wood) was indeed filed, bringing a beneficial macroscopic version of black colored and you can brownish cubes. The fresh models of your fragments have been categorized toward Small, ranging from 1 and you will 3 cm (341 fragments), Medium-Small 3 to 6 cm (89 fragments), Typical, six to 10 cm (61 fragments), Highest, ten to help you several cm (34 fragments), and incredibly Large, more than several cm (53 fragments), the second centered for the distal groups.
A sample off 20 fragments away from wood various brands and you will out of more sectors was selected and you may sent to own character in the Laboratorio de- Dendroescrerologia y Catedra de Anatomia Vegetal del AUSMA, Universidad Nacional de- Comahue, Argentina. Brand new timber was seen not as much as an enthusiastic optical microscope that have event light throughout the around three diagnostic areas: get across (Fig 4A; S2 Fig), radial longitudinal otherwise axial (Fig 4B; S3 Fig) and you may tangential longitudinal otherwise axial (Fig 4C; S4 Fig). It was concluded in the findings that the wood came from a great Gymnosperm (obviously tracheid timber). About radial section, bullet otherwise oval tracheids having uniseriate pits was seen (Fig 4B), proving that wood is away from Austrocedrus chilensis “Chilean cedar”. Among the properties of one’s attempt, it had been indexed that 30% of Highest and incredibly Highest specimens, we.elizabeth. the individuals adequate to own low changes become noticed, introduce temperatures modification solely to your face founded towards the human body, or inner deal with regarding a container. Inspite of the fragmentation of your own shot, the architectural functions of your fragments recommend that he is pulled from just one tree, and you may projection of your own angles of the increases groups suggests a great single trunk area from diameter larger than 0.70 yards (Fig 4A).
You is actually accompanied by regulators of your own freshwater mollusc Diplodon chilensis, some of which is actually semi-done and you can sit below along with lead exposure to bones for example because the humerus and you will femur. Brand new shells save yourself a level of stability and fragments from periostracum exists, at which it’s inferred that they had been apply the latest root of the wooden basket up until the muscles is actually put into the it. About three partial-complete specimens establish yellow mineral colorants on the external skin. It types of mollusc is positioned only 3 hundred m aside towards this new coastlines regarding Lacar River. Valves in the kinds try filed inside funerary and you may residential contexts inside the internet on both slopes of one’s Andes [18, 19].
Beside the body, to the left of the cranium and on the same vertical level, a pottery vessel was deposited ; it is a bottle or jug with a spherical body and a formatted or flat base, cylindrical neck, and mouth with signs of a pouring-lip. It has a handle consisting of a vertical strip fixed between the body and the rim, opposite the lip. It was fired with oxidation; the clay is compact and schist-like, red in colour with quartz inclusions (Fig 5). It has a white glaze and geometric patterns in red paint on several distinct panels on the body and neck. The motifs are: parallel lines dividing the body and neck into horizontal segments; reticulated figures round the neck; and vertical parallel bands distributed round the body where triangular figures composed of lines alternate with clepsydras or triangles joined by their vertex. This piece forms a typological or singular group (bottle or jug with narrow mouth and pouring-lip), previously unknown at least among the morphological and technical variants of the El Vergel pottery complex ; it is part of the (pre-Hispanic) Red on White Bichrome tradition, of the Late Pottery period in the regional ceramics sequence . Given the chronology of this piece, it is one of the earliest records of use as a funerary item. Like other features, its tilted position and height, close to the face of Individual 3+, suggest that the wooden container was concave in shape and of restricted size, and that the base in this part was elevated.